Digital-Desert : Mojave Desert Visit us on Facebook -- Desert Gazette -- Desert Link
Intro:: Nature:: Map:: Points of Interest:: Roads & Trails:: People & History:: Ghosts & Gold:: Communities:: BLOG:: Weather:: :?:: glossary
Geology: Walk Through Time

Johnnie Formation

Sample of rock from Johnnie formation
< Previous - Next >

4,000 foot thick, 600+ million years old. The Death Valley region was on the margin of a rising and falling sea for 300 million years. The purple mudstone was formed in a near-shore marine environment.

Precambrian > Proterozoic eon > Neoproterozoic era > Ediacaran period

Striped Butte in Butte Valley

Steeply tilted limestone beds of the Permian Anvil Spring Formation. A major fault behind the butte separates it from Precambrian Noonday and Johnnie ...

The Johnnie Formation is an important geological unit located in the Death Valley region of California. This formation is part of the broader geological context of the area and provides significant insights into the early geological history of this part of the United States.

Characteristics and Composition

The Johnnie Formation primarily consists of:

Sedimentary rocks:

Including shale, siltstone, and sandstone.

Carbonate rocks:

Mainly limestone and dolomite.

Geological Significance


The Johnnie Formation dates back to the Late Proterozoic to Early Cambrian period, making it about 550 to 800 million years old. This places it at a crucial point in Earth's history, just before the Cambrian explosion of life. Paleoenvironmental Indicators: The sedimentary nature of the rocks in the Johnnie Formation suggests they were deposited in a marine environment. The presence of varying sediment types indicates changes in sea level and possibly climate conditions over time during its deposition.

Tectonic Activity:

Like many formations in Death Valley, the Johnnie Formation has been affected by extensive tectonic activity. This has influenced its present-day exposure and structure, providing valuable insights into the geological processes that have shaped the region.

Research and Relevance

The Johnnie Formation is studied for its contributions to understanding the transition from the Proterozoic to the Phanerozoic eons. Its sediments and fossils provide crucial information on the environmental conditions and biological communities that existed at this pivotal time in Earth's history. The formation is also of interest in broader studies concerning the tectonic and sedimentary evolution of the western United States.

Intro:: Nature:: Map:: Points of Interest:: Roads & Trails:: People & History:: Ghosts & Gold:: Communities:: BLOG:: Weather:: :?:: glossary
Country Life Realty
Wrightwood, Ca.
Mountain Hardware
Wrightwood, Ca.
Canyon Cartography
Links to Desert Museums

Grizzly Cafe
Family Dining

Custom Search

Abraxas Engineering
These items are historical in scope and are intended for educational purposes only; they are not meant as an aid for travel planning.
Copyright ©Walter Feller. 1995-2023 - All rights reserved.