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Communities - Salt Lake Road

San Bernardino, CA

Photo of San Bernardino California from San Bernardino Mountains

History of San Bernardino, California

San Bernardino, California, is a city located in the Inland Empire region of Southern California. It has a rich and fascinating history that dates back centuries. The area was originally inhabited by the indigenous Serrano and Tongva tribes. They lived in harmony with the land, relying on its natural resources for survival.

In 1810, Spanish missionaries arrived in the area and established the San Bernardino de Sena Estancia, which was a farming community. However, the establishment was short-lived, as it was abandoned in 1812 due to ongoing conflicts with local tribes.

It wasn't until 1851 that San Bernardino was officially founded. The Mormon pioneers, led by Brigham Young, established a settlement in the area. They named it San Bernardino after Saint Bernardino of Siena, an Italian saint.

The city quickly grew, attracting settlers from all over the country. San Bernardino became a major transportation hub due to its location along the historic Route 66 and the Santa Fe Railway. The city thrived with the development of agriculture, mining, and manufacturing industries.

In the late 19th century, San Bernardino faced several challenges. The city was hit by devastating floods, fires, and economic downturns. However, it persevered and continued to grow. In 1905, the first electric streetcar system was introduced, further enhancing the city's connectivity.

San Bernardino's history is also intertwined with the growth of the entertainment industry. In the early 20th century, the city became a popular filming location for silent movies. It served as a backdrop for many western films and provided a picturesque setting for Hollywood productions.

During World War II, San Bernardino played a significant role in the defense industry. Several military bases and aircraft manufacturing plants were established in the area. This led to a surge in population and economic growth.

In recent decades, San Bernardino has faced its share of challenges. The city has experienced economic decline and urban decay. However, efforts have been made to revitalize the downtown area and attract new businesses.

Today, San Bernardino is a vibrant city with a diverse population. It is home to California State University, San Bernardino, and serves as a regional center for healthcare, education, and commerce.

In conclusion, San Bernardino's history is a testament to the resilience and spirit of its residents. From its early Native American inhabitants to its role in the development of transportation and entertainment industries, the city has left an indelible mark on California's history. Despite its ups and downs, San Bernardino continues to evolve and shape its future.

Santa Fe Depot


Referring pages and articles:

Mormon Pioneers

A Mormon party headed to San Bernardino in December, 1850 met William T. B. . ... The thieves were all well known, being San Bernardino "Mormons," a term ...

Silas Cox Chases Horse Thieves to San Diego

One victim of theft at the beginning of the war was young Silas Cox, who, upon returning to San Bernardino from a stay on the desert, learned from his ...

Captain Jefferson Hunt

Hunt, of San Bernardino (our guide from Salt Lake in 1849), ..... Hunt, the man who was hired in the fall of 1849 to bring the big train from Salt Lake to . ...

Desert Fever

He then legalized his claim by recording it in the San Bernardino County courthouse .... San Bernardino County is not only the largest county in California, ...

The Swarthouts - Mormon Pioneers

The December 20, 1938 issue of The Sun (A San Bernardino newspaper), gave the following praise of this man and his brothers that came to the area with him, ...

Pioneer of the Mojave

Added to this turmoil was the anti-U.S. climate in San Bernardino, ... With the onset of the Civil War, San Bernardino began to see an increase in . ...

Railroads of the Mojave Desert

Judge Boren urged the construction of a “railroad or otherwise” to connect San Bernardino with Anaheim. In September, Mr. L. F. Loveland, vice-president of ...

Citizens on Desert Left Unprotected

Henry Parrish and the Bemis brothers, all San Bernardino stockmen, ... John Mayfield, a San Bernardino rancher, was on his way to try his luck in the mines ...

Fort Piute, Fort Beale, Fort Piute Hill

The fort, actually a subpost of Camp Cady, was one of a chain of military stations erected to protect the travel route from San Bernardino across the Mojave ...

Timeline of History of the Mojave Desert

1826 Jedediah Smith explores a route across the Mojave from the Colorado River to San Bernardino 1827 The vanguard of a large party of fur trappers and ...

Mormon Battalion

The migration of Mormons to and from Salt Lake City through San Bernardino to San Diego re-established the Old Spanish Trail from Santa Fe to Pueblo de los ...

Pauline Weaver

From Father Kino's old rancho of San Bernardino near modern Douglas, Cooke's wagon ... From Appendix A - ...

Major General James Henry Carleton

Posts at San Bernardino Camp Dolores Camp Carleton, John Charles Fremont · Edward Fitzgerald Beale · James Henry Carleton ---- The Owens Valley Indian War . ...

Isaac Slover

By 1843, Slover had established himself and his family in California, settling near San Bernardino. He continued to trap and hunt in the region, ...

Mojave Desert - John Brown

The toll road was associated with John Brown from the very beginning, ... John Brown's daughter, Louisa, who married San Bernardino attorney Byron Waters, . ...

Mojave Desert - Chief Juan Antonio, Cahuilla Indian

Chief Juan Antonio and his band of Cahuilla Indians helped white settlers in the San Bernardino area defend their property and livestock against outlaws ...

San Bernardino County

San Bernardino County is not only the largest county in California, but it is the largest in the United States. As a county it has been uniquely endowed ...

Cajon Pass

Rest stop for Mormon travelers on the Mormon Road on the way to San Bernardino. Unusual sandstone rock formation created by San Andreas fault. ...

The San Andreas Fault, forecasting the Next Large Earthquake

Along the Earth's plate boundaries, such as the San Andreas fault, ... of other cities in San Bernardino, Riverside and Imperial counties in California. ...

Mormon Stockade


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